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Vol. 24 Núm. 3 (2021): Noviembre

DESARROLLO DE LA HABILIDAD NUMÉRICA INICIAL: APORTES DESDE LA PSICOLOGÍA COGNITIVA A LA EDUCACIÓN MATEMÁTICA INICIAL

DOI
https://doi.org/10.12802/relime.21.2433
Enviado
noviembre 8, 2022
Publicado
2021-11-19

Resumen

La habilidad numérica se desarrolla en los primeros años y está en la base del aprendizaje de la matemática posterior, así como del éxito académico y laboral en edad adulta. La educación matemática inicial ha puesto el foco tradicionalmente en la enseñanza de procesos con carácter general, buscando el desarrollo del pensamiento lógico-matemático y el lenguaje matemático. Este artículo busca reflexionar hacia la importancia de entrenar procesos cognitivos del dominio específico numérico, a partir de los hallazgos en psicología cognitiva. Así, en este trabajo se revisa la última evidencia empírica, a partir de recientes estudios con enfoques conductuales en cognición numérica, centrada en el desarrollo de las habilidades numéricas tempranas. Para ello, se revisan los principales hitos del desarrollo numérico en relación con la adquisición de la aritmética posterior, teniendo en cuenta las influencias intrínsecas y extrínsecas al individuo durante los primeros años.

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