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Vol. 25 Núm. 1 (2022): Marzo

DIFERENTES PERFIS DE FLEXIBILIDADE COGNITIVA EM ESTUDANTES BRASILEIROS DE 2º E 4º ANOS DO ENSINO FUNDAMENTAL

DOI
https://doi.org/10.12802/relime.2022.76
Enviado
noviembre 8, 2022
Publicado
2022-07-21

Resumen

Este artículo tiene como objetivo identificar, caracterizar y comparar el perfil de flexibilidad cognitiva los cálculos mentales de los estudiantes brasileños, en función del análisis de elementos cognitivos, a saber, las características de los problemas y los procedimientos de solución, utilizados durante la resolución de cálculos aritméticos. La muestra de este estudio incluyó 42 estudiantes de segundo año (7 a 8 años) y 42 estudiantes de cuarto año (9 a 11 años), de cuatro escuelas públicas en Porto Alegre. Se alentó a cada niño a clasificar 12 cálculos aritméticos, demostrando su conocimiento numérico al explicar el razonamiento involucrado en la resolución, a través de un instrumento de evaluación específico sobre la flexibilidad cognitiva. Los resultados revelaron que las diferencias en las proporciones de uso del conocimiento numérico diferenciaban los perfiles de flexibilidad cognitiva: flexible, mixto o rígido.

Citas

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